An Interview with Theodore Roosevelt

Ranching in the Badlands
Little Missouri, 1884

Theodore Roosevelt first came to the Badlands in the fall of 1883 to hunt buffalo.  The idea of cattle raising enchanted him and before he went back to New York, he invested in the Maltese Cross Ranch.  This year, in 1884, after the death of his mother and wife on February 14, he has returned to the Little Missouri country to rebuild his mental health. 

Theodore Roosevelt Theodore Roosevelt

Would you tell us something about life on your ranch?

My home-ranch lies on both sides of the Little Missouri, the nearest ranchman above me being about twelve, and the nearest below me about ten, miles distant.  We breakfast early—before dawn when the nights have grown long, and rarely later than sunrise, even in midsummer.  Perhaps before this meal, certainly the instant it is over, the man whose duty it is rides off to hunt up and drive in the saddle band.  Once saddled, the men ride off on their different tasks: for almost everything is done in the saddle. 

Huidekoper Steers

The long forenoon’s work, with its attendant mishaps to man and beast, being over, the men who have been out among the horses and cattle come riding in, to be joined by their fellows—if any there be—who have been hunting or haying or chopping wood.  The mid-day dinner is variable as to time, for it comes when the men have returned from their work; but, whatever be the hour, it is the most substantial meal of the day, and we feel that we have little fault to find with a table on the clean cloth of which are spread platter of smoked elk meat, loaves of good bread, jugs and bowls of milk, saddles of venison or broiled antelope steaks, perhaps roast and fried prairie-chickens with eggs, butter, wild plums, and tea or coffee.

Do you find time for hunting?
For the last week I have been fulfilling a boyish ambition of mine—that is I have been playing at frontier hunter in good earnest, having been off entirely alone, with my horse and rifle on the prairie.  I wanted to see if I could not do perfectly well without a guide, and I succeeded beyond my expectations.  I shot a couple of antelope and a deer, and missed a great many more.  I felt as absolutely free as a man could feel; as you know I do not mind loneliness; and I enjoyed the trip to the utmost.

Sketch of Elkhorn Ranch

Would you describe the badlands for us?
The country has widely different aspects in different places; one day I would canter hour after hour over the level green grass, or through miles of wild rose thickets, all in bloom; on the next I would be amidst the savage desolation of the Badlands, with their dreary plateaus, fantastically shaped buttes and deep winding canyons.

Someone has said that the Badlands has captured your spirit and made you its own.  Is that so?

I grow very fond of this place, and it certainly has a desolate, grim beauty of its own, that has a curious fascination for me.  The grassy, scantily wooded bottoms through which the winding river flows are bounded by bare, jagged buttes; their fantastic shapes and sharp, steep edges throw the most curious shadows, under the cloudless, glaring sky; and at evening I love to sit out in front of the hut and see their hard, gray outlines gradually grow soft and purple as the flaming sunset by degrees softens and dies away; while my days I spend generally alone, riding through the lonely rolling prairie and broken lands.


By Dr. D. Jerome Tweton


Originally published as The North Star Dakotan student newspaper, written by Dr. D. Jerome Tweton and supported by the North Dakota Humanities Council

Subject Matter

Social Studies

North Star Dakotan:

Journals and Art Work: The Indian People, The Trade, and The Land

The Indian People

The Purchase and Exploration of Louisiana

The Fur Trade

Dakota Territory

The Military Frontier

The Reservation System

George Armstrong Custer and the Battle of the Little Bighorn

The Great Dakota Boom, 1878-1890

Reservation Troubles, 1886-1890

The Making of a State and a Constitution

The North Dakota Economy, 1890-1915

Life on the Indian Reservations

The North Dakota National Guard and the Philippines

North Dakota, The Great War and After

The Nonpartisan League's Rise to Power

The Nonpartisan League in Power

The Nonpartisan League's Decline

The 1920s

1930s: North Dakota's Economic and Political Climate

The New Deal in North Dakota

The Road to World War II

North Dakota and American Society

North Dakota Optimism and Economic Developments

North Dakota and Political Change