Lesson Plan: How Does Your Garden Grow?

Written By: Monica Thompson
Grade Level: 2

Time Allotment

2 weeks


Students will be learning about parts of a plant and what they need to grow. How_Does_Your_Garden_Grow-_Thompson.doc

Subject Matter


Learning Objectives

  • Students will identify parts of a plant
  • Students will work cooperatively in group observation
  • Students will communicate knowledge to a partner
  • Students will identify the needs for plants to grow
  • Students will observe the inside of bean seed
  • Students will plant a seed and make observations on plant growth
  • Students will demonstrate the sequence of plant growth

Media Components - Video/Web

  • PBS Video: Seed Intro: Dinosaur Train: Planting a Garden http://prairiepublic.pbslearningmedia.org/resource/ad8e3c36-8859-40b9-b13b-d0346649dd83/ad8e3c36-8859-40b9-b13b-d0346649dd83/
  • PBS Online game: Sid the Science Game: http://prairiepublic.pbslearningmedia.org/resource/a4fb71a6-8fdd-4df9-8eea-07cdc793c31e/vegetable-planting-sid-the-science-kid-games/
  • PBS Video: Joey Noir Plants and Seeds: http://prairiepublic.pbslearningmedia.org/resource/24c92563-21c7-4bab-ad50-4156378fdf58/abra-306-joey-noir-plants-and-seeds/
  • PBS video: From Seed to Fruit: http://prairiepublic.pbslearningmedia.org/resource/evscps.sci.life.seed/from-seed-to-fruit/
  • Plant Observation book: (Free) https://www.teacherspayteachers.com/Product/Plant-Observation-book-153375
  • Story Planning Sheet: http://www.bbc.co.uk/northernireland/myplacemyspace/downloads/promote-your-day-out/storyboard-template.pdf
  • Online book creator: Little Bird Tales https://www.littlebirdtales.com
  • Materials

    • Flowering plants
    • Science Journals
    • Plant Observation Books (1 for each student)
    • Baggies
    • Paper Towels
    • Lima beans
    • Magnify glasses

    Teacher Preparation

    • Buy flowering plants
    • Buy beans, baggies
    • Photocopy Plant Observation Book and Story Planning Sheet

    Introductory Activities

    Day 1
  • Objectives:
    • Students will identify parts of a plants
    • Students will work cooperatively in a group observations
  • Materials:
    • Small live flowering plants (1 flower per 2 or 3 students)
    • Magnify glasses
    • Science Journal
    1. Introduction Video: PBS Dinosaur Train Planting a Garden http://prairiepublic.pbslearningmedia.org/resource/ad8e3c36-8859-40b9-b13b-d0346649dd83/ad8e3c36-8859-40b9-b13b-d0346649dd83/
    2. Parts of a Real Flower
      • List the parts of a plant on the board (roots, stem, leaves, and flower). Have the children investigate to figure out which part of the plant matches the word.
      • Split the children into groups of 2 or 3. Give each group a flower.
      • Have the children observe the flower using their magnify glasses and hands. Encourage the children to pull away the soil, but be careful of the plant.
      • Bring the children back together and identify the parts of the plant. While identifying, have the children follow along with their flower.
      • In science journal, students will draw a picture of their plant and label the parts.

    Learning Activities

    Day 2
    Title: KWL of plant growth
    • Students will identify the needs for plant growth.
    • Students will communicate their knowledge and questions to the class.

    • Large piece of paper
    • Individual KWL charts

    1. Have the children independently write what they already know about plants growing. Then have the children independently write what they want to learn about plants growing.
    2. Bring all of the children together and compile their information onto a large KWL chart for the classroom. Take time to discuss why they think certain things might be needed.
    3. Have the children place their KWL sheet in their Science Journal. Post the classroom KWL sheet in a location in the classroom that is easy to locate and read.
    4. Review planting a garden by having students play an online game. PBS Sid the Science Game: Vegetable Planting http://prairiepublic.pbslearningmedia.org/resource/a4fb71a6-8fdd-4df9-8eea-07cdc793c31e/vegetable-planting-sid-the-science-kid-games/
    Day 3
    Title: Look Inside a Seed
  • Students will observe the inside of a bean seed.

  • Materials:
    • Lima beans (soaked overnight)
    • Water
    • Magnify glasses

    1. PBS Video: Joey Noir Plants and Seeds http://prairiepublic.pbslearningmedia.org/resource/24c92563-21c7-4bab-ad50-4156378fdf58/abra-306-joey-noir-plants-and-seeds/
    2. Show the children how to carefully open a lima bean. Have them carefully look through the lima bean.
    3. After self-exploration, help the students find the baby plant, the seed shell, and the food inside the seed.
    4. Review with the children what a plant needs to grow. Then show them that the baby plant will feed off the food in the shell until it is a mature plant.
    DAY 4

    Title: Grow a Seed
  • Students will observe plant growth by planting seeds.

  • Materials:
  • Baggie for each student
  • Bean seeds
  • Paper towels
  • Plant Observation Book

  • Activities:
    1. Give each student a baggie. Explain to them that they are going to observe a bean plant grow. Have the children discuss what will be needed for the seed to grow (air, sun, water, nutrients).
    2. Have the children place a moistened paper towel in the baggie. Next have them place 3 bean seeds in front of the paper towel so they will be able to observe it.
    3. Place baggies on a classroom window where the children will be able to easily observe the growth.
    4. Extension: Every day, the children will make an observation in their Plant Observation Book. This will include noting any changes, make any predictions, note the stage the bean is in, and measure the bean seed and any growth. Send the bean plant home in a plastic baggie with a wet paper towel at the end of this unit.
    Day 5
    Title: Make Flower Diagram
    • Students will identify parts of a plant.
    • Students will communicate knowledge to a partner.
  • Construction paper (light blue, brown, green, plus multiple other colors)

  • Activities:
    1. Watch PBS video: From Seed to Fruit http://prairiepublic.pbslearningmedia.org/resource/evscps.sci.life.seed/from-seed-to-fruit/
    2. Have the children verbally review the parts of the plant and what they need to grow.
    3. Explain and show the flower diagram the children will be making. Explain that you will be including all parts of a plant in this diagram.
    4. Walk the children through making the project using the construction paper. Have the children make the stem and leaves green, the roots light brown, the soil dark brown, and the flower petals any color.
    5. After completing the project, have the students explain to a partner the different parts of a plant.
    Day 6-7
    Title: My Plant book
  • Students will observe plant growth.
  • Student will sequence a plants growth.
  • Materials:
  • Story Planning Sheet for book writing process
  • Pencils

  • Activities:
    1. Review the different stages of plant growth. Have students refer to their Science Journal and KWL Chart.
    2. Give each child a copy of the Story Planning sheet to start planning their book: http://www.bbc.co.uk/northernireland/myplacemyspace/downloads/promote-your-day-out/storyboard-template.pdf
    3. Students will work independently to write a draft of their book about plants. Book should start with a seed and what is needed for seeds to grow into plants.
    4. Have students share their story planning sheet with a partner.

    Culminating Activity

    DAYS 8-10
    Title: Assessment: Plant Life Cycle
  • Students will create an online book about plant growth.

  • Materials:
  • Story Planning Sheet
  • Computers

  • Activities:
    1. Student will create an online digital story.
    2. In the computer lab, demonstrate how to use, Little Bird Tales. https://www.littlebirdtales.com
    3. Show students how to: (This may be broken up over the three days)
      1. Log-in
      2. Create a new story
      3. Add drawings with the drawing tools
      4. Add text
      5. Record their voices
      6. Saving.
    4. Students will create a book that demonstrates their knowledge about the process of planting a seed and what it needs to grow. The online book will have drawings, text and audio recording.
    5. When the books are complete, students will share their books with the class.

    Cross-Curricular Activity

    1. Math: Measure and graph the bean plants as they grow
    2. Reading: Read about different kinds of plants
    3. Social: Imports and exports of plants (food)

    Community Connections

    1. Visit a community garden
    2. Visit a farm
    3. Have a gardener, farmer visit the classroom
    4. Field Trip to the grocery store to see how the food gets to the store.