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  • USS North Dakota: Eighth Grade Lesson -
    The Floating Community - Social Life

    Introduction | Work | School | Athletics | Social Life |
    Fire and Engine Troubles | Gunnery Practice | Activity 1 | Activity 2

    Card showing upcoming events.  2002-P-15-Album2-P56b
    This card was published to
    let members of the ship’s
    crew know about worship
    services, movies (including
    the popular cartoon “Mutt
    and Jeff”), and music on a
    Sunday. If the ship was in port,
    most of the men would have had
    free time to enjoy these activities.

    In the floating community of the North Dakota, the weekly routine was occasionally interrupted for pleasure and social events such as musical presentations by the ship’s band, worship services (only Christian services were held), and silent movies or cartoons. Entertainment was very similar to what would be available if the sailors were on shore. Very likely, except for worship services, none of these social events would have taken place on ships before 1913. In the old Navy, sailors entertained themselves by carving wood or ivory, knitting, sewing, and singing or playing musical instruments. The new Navy, which the North Dakota proudly represented, provided sailors with more activities to pass the time.

    The new Navy, however, maintained the important segregation between officers and enlisted men. For instance, if officers engaged in sports, they would have had other officers as teammates and opponents. Of the records remaining from the USS North Dakota, we have one document of a social event open only to officers - the USS North Dakota Ball. The ball was held on land while the ship was in port in order for the officers to invite ladies as their guests.

    Ball program coverBall program page 1
    Ball program page 4 and 5
    The program for the First Grand Ball of the USS
    North Dakota opens with a humorous essay created
    by stringing together the titles of the songs with
    a few phrases. The elaborate arrangements for the
    ball were overseen by committees of officers.
    The young officer who saved this program seemed
    to favor dancing with “Pat.” 2002-P-15-Album2-P66b.

    A program from this ball lists the songs played for the dance including the “Oceana Roll”, “After the Honeymoon”, and “USS North Dakota” – a two-step. At the back of the program is the dance card of the officer who kept this program as a memento of that occasion. Here he wrote in the names of the ladies who had agreed to dance with him during the evening.

    The traditions of the officers’ ball were ancient and very strict, but the ball was one place that young officers could learn and practice the social skills that would help them move up in rank, and possibly meet a young woman who would like to be married to a Navy officer.

    Crossing the line.
    The shellbacks of the North Dakota pose
    for a portrait during the Crossing the
    Line celebration. Note King Neptune
    (third from right, second row) and Davy
    Jones (fifth from right, second row) among
    the characters. 2002-P-15-Album2-P26b.

    Celebrating crossing the line.
    The pollywogs were dunked during the
    Crossingthe Line celebration. Note the
    African American man in the pool with his
    back to the camera, and another African
    American man waiting for his turn along
    the side of the pool to the right.
    Officers can be seen observing the
    fun. 2002-P-15-Album2-P20b.

    Officers would not have mingled with enlisted men at most social events because the Navy believed that discipline was best maintained by the separation of officers and enlisted men. However, one particular and exceptional event brought all the men of the ship together in a bonding ritual that was thousands of years old. When the ship crossed the equator, a passage known as “Crossing the Line”, pollywogs (those who had not previously crossed the equator) would be initiated by a series of activities that took a day or more to conclude. Even senior officers would be included in the rowdy celebration. The final event involved creating a pool of water on the deck and the dunking of pollywogs in the pool. Among the characters that governed the celebration were shellbacks (those who had previously crossed the line) dressed as King Neptune, Davy Jones, and others.

    The Crossing the Line party on the North Dakota was celebrated by everyone aboard the ship. Officers appeared in costume and some are visible in the photographs observing the dunking. Most interesting in the photographs are the African American sailors among the pollywogs. All of the United States’ Armed Forces were racially segregated until 1948, but on a floating community such as the battleship North Dakota, segregation was imperfect. Though African American sailors were probably assigned to the most demeaning work and had few opportunities for advancement, they were present for the Crossing the Line celebration and received their cards identifying them as shellbacks along with the rest.