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Leaders - Three Affiliated Tribes - Contemporary Tribal Leaders

Traditional | Contemporary

Intro | 1936 - 1960 | 1960 - 1986 | 1968 - Present

Contemporary Tribal Leaders

Following the passage of the Indian Reorganization Act of 1934, the Mandan, Hidatsa, and Arikara adopted a constitution on May 15, 1936. Under the Indian Reorganization Act (IRA), the Tribes adopted a form of the American political governance structure. This form of government, however, was not new to the Three Affiliated Tribes. While the new constitution provided for a tribal council to replace the old business committee, the tribes had been operating under a representative form of government established in 1910. Prior to 1910, each village had individual leaders whether born into a leadership position or not. Voting was by consensus originating from each village. With the governance structure established in 1910, individuals were selected to represent each tribe and not village.

The old business committee had consisted of equal representation from each tribe, two members each from Shell Creek and Nishu (formerly called Armstrong) and one each from Santee (Lucky Mound), Ree (Beaver Creek), Independence, Elbowoods, Little Missouri, and Red Butte. The new council was essentially the same. However, prominence was afforded leaders on the business council who carried out the operations of the Three Tribes.

The following list is a compilation of the leaders of the Tribal Business Council beginning with the Three Tribes adoption of the Indian Reorganization Act constitution in 1934. Many leaders of the tribe exist, who are not recognized as public officials (e.g. society members, medicine people, sacred bundle carriers, skilled artisans, and tellers of sacred stories), and have not been listed. However, it is important to understand that these individuals remain highly valued leaders and protectors of the tribe. These individuals, in some cases, direct the actions of tribal business leaders.

Fort Berthold Tribal Chairpersons in Order of Service*

CHAIRMAN
BORN
DIED
SERVED
Arthur Mandan
1882
03/22/1955
Sept. 1936–
Aug. 1938
Martin Levings
10/14/1892
10/26/1974
Sept. 1938–
Aug. 1940
Albert Simpson
1882
05/11/1957
Sept. 1940–
Aug. 1942
Peter Beauchamp
06/15/1877
08/07/1960
Sept. 1942–
Aug. 1944
Martin Cross
05/08/1906
04/04/1964
Sept. 1944–
Aug. 1946
George Gillette
11/03/1902
10/04/1985
Sept. 1946–
Aug. 1948
Carl Whitman
03/06/1913
01/19/1995
Sept. 1948–
Aug. 1950
Martin Cross
05/08/1906
04/04/1964
Sept. 1950–
Aug. 1952
Martin Cross
05/08/1906
04/04/1964
Sept. 1952–
Aug. 1954
Martin Cross
05/08/1906
04/04/1964
Sept. 1954–
Aug. 1956
Carl Whitman
03/06/1913
01/19/1995
Nov. 1956–
Aug. 1958
James Hall
06/24/1894
10/17/1977
Sept. 1958–
Aug. 1960
Robert Fox
01/05/1915
02/10/1982
Sept. 1960–
Aug. 1962
Carl Whitman
03/06/1913
01/19/1995
Sept. 1962–
Aug. 1964
Robert Fox
01/05/1915
02/10/1982
Sept. 1964–
Aug. 1966
August Little Soldier
08/15/1914
Present
Sept. 1966–
Aug. 1968
Vincent Malnourie
03/21/1910
02/17/1979
Sept. 1968–
Aug. 1970
Ralph Wells Jr.
08/15/1908
02/02/1971
Sept. 1970–
Dec. 1971
Nathan Little Soldier
04/22/1918
04/19/1980
Sept. 1971–
Aug. 1972
Rose Crow Flies High
02/22/1918
01/09/1994
Sept. 1972–
Oct. 1972
Vincent Malnourie
03/21/1910
02/17/1979
Oct. 1972–
Nov. 1974
Rose Crow Flies High
02/22/1918
01/09/1994
Oct. 1974–
Oct. 1978
Austin Gillette
09/20/1946
Present
Nov. 1978–
Oct. 1982
Alyce Spotted Bear
12/17/1945
Present
Oct. 1982–
Apr. 1986
Edward Lone Fight
05/28/1939
Present
April 1986–
Nov. 1990
Wilbur Wilkinson
10/12/1948
Present
Oct. 1990–
Nov. 1994
Russell Mason
03/23/1936
01/14/2009
Oct. 1994–
Nov. 1998
Tex Hall
09/19/1956
Present
Nov. 1998–
Nov. 2006
Marcus D. Levings
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Nov. 2006–
Present

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