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Three Affiliated Tribes - References - Traditional Chiefs References

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Traditional Chiefs References

  1. O’Brien, Sharon. 1989. American Indian Tribal Governments. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press.
  2. Bowers, Alfred W. 1992. Hidatsa Social and Ceremonial Organization. (reprint). Lincoln, University of Nebraska Press, p. 38.
  3. Ibid., p. 27.
  4. Ibid., p. 33.
  5. Ibid., p. 42.
  6. Ibid., p. 38.
  7. Hyde. 1804. Vol. 18.
  8. Ronda, James P. 1984. Lewis and Clark among the Indians. Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska Press, pp. 69.
  9. Ibid., p. 69.
  10. Ibid., p. 85.
  11. Loundsberry. 1906. Collections of the State Historical Society of North Dakota. Bismarck, North Dakota, p. 436.
  12. Ronda. 1984. PP. 69, 79, 246, 248.
  13. Loundsberry. 1917. P. 63.
  14. Loundsberry. 1901. P. 434.
  15. Fort Berthold Community College. 1996. Tribal Chiefs of the Mandan, Hidatsa, and Sahnish. Three Affiliated Tribes Cultural Page. Stevens, Michael, ed.
  16. Hall, C.L. 1906. Bismarck, ND: Collections of the State Historical Society of North Dakota, Vol. 1, pp. 442, August 13.
  17. Bowers. 1992. reprint. P. 245.
  18. Mandan, Adam Tony. 1997. Verbal Communication, April 21. Walker, Tillie, 2001. Document Researcher.
  19. Tappen, John E. 1908. Bismarck, ND: Collections of the State Historical Society of North Dakota. Vol. II, pp. 465–469.
  20. Case, Rev. and Mrs. Harold W. 1977. 100 years at Ft. Berthold: The History of Fort Berthold Indian Mission, 1876–1976, pp. 132–136.
  21. Ibid., p. 133.; Loundsberry. 1906. Bismarck, ND: Collections
    of the State Historical Society of North Dakota, Bismarck, North Dakota, p. 436.
  22. Ibid., p. 435.
  23. Bowers. 1992. Pp. 375–397.
  24. Ibid., p. 380.
  25. Loundsberry. 1917. P. 64.
  26. Bowers. 1992. Pp. 38, 42, 471–473.
  27. Ibid., pp. 37, 40, 41.
  28. Loundsberry. 1906. P. 435.
  29. Ibid., p. 436.
  30. Mandan, Hidatsa and Arikara Times. August 5, 1994.
    (Pehriska Ruhpa).
  31. Hall, C.L. 1906 . Vol. 1, pp. 441, August 13.
  32. Bowers, p. 42.
  33. Bowers, p. 245; Meyers, (1997).
  34. Hall, C.L. 1906. Pp. 442.
  35. Ibid., p. 443., Case, (1977). P. 190.
  36. Meyers, Roy C. 1977 . P. 282, n. 26.
  37. Richards, Thomas. 1900 . [Communication in] Report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs for 1890.
  38. Bowers. (1965); Malouf (1963); Meyer, Roy C. (1977); p.
    292. Grady to Commissioner of Indian Affairs, December 10,
    1894:NARS, RG 75, LR: Crow-Flies-High relinquished his
    chieftainship to Long Bear in 1894 and died six years later:
    Malouf, (1963). “Crow-Flies-High,” pp. 157, 58: Gifford 1888,
    p. 415. Fox, Gregory L. (1988). Reprinted in Anthropology,
    Vo. 37, a late Nineteenth Century Village of a Band of
    Dissident Hidatsa: The Garden Coulee site (32w118). J. & L.
    Reprint Company.
  39. Bowers, p. 245.
  40. Bowers, p. 45.
  41. Ibid., p. 403.
  42. Ibid., p. 437.
  43. Bureau of Ethnology Bulletin 185, Xosh-gah Band Village at
    Ft. Buford, River Basin Survey Papers #29, p. 149.
  44. Bowers, p. 437.
  45. Biography of Old Dog, Four Bears Museum.
  46. Sylvester, C. 1952, October 9. “Bust of Dragswolf Unveiled Today at Elbowoods.” New Town News, p. 3.; Cash, Joseph H. and Wolff, Gerald W. (1974). (The Three Affiliated Tribes: Mandan, Arikara and Hidatsa). Indian Tribal Series, Phoenix, Publishers. Sahnish Chiefs.
  47. Gilmore, M.R. 1924. The Arikara Book of Genesis. 1984 with adaptations. Everett, Melvine (1993). Sahnish elder/historian; Sahnish Culture Society (1993).
  48. Hyde, George. 1804. Vol. 18.
  49. Shure, Stephen William. 1964. The Arikara Indian. Master’s Thesis, University of California.
  50. Kapplers, Charles, L., Ed. 1904. Reprint 1972. Indian
    treaties—1778–1883.
    pp. 594–596. Sept, 17, 1851. 11
    Stats.; Little Cherries, Francois and Louis-Joseph de la
    Verendrye Journal, p. 230. Charles E. DeLand, (1914).
    Pierre, S.D: South Dakota Historical Collection, State
    Publication. Vol. VII.
  51. Reitz, Robert and Yerrington, C.M. Three Tribes Long Loyal Friends of Whites. June 25, 1954. New Town News.
  52. Nabohkov, Peter. 1994. Letter from Peter Naboukov to Gerard Baker, 5, January, 1995. Department of Anthropology, University of Wisconsin, Madison. The pipe of Son-of-the-Star had been on exhibit at the Kansas City Public Library Museum from 1918 to 1938 and subsequently went into private holding from 1938 to 1995. After that time, the pipes were placed at the Pipestone National Monument until passage of the Native American Graves Repatriation Act when the pipes were returned to the Bear family. Two ceremonial pipes are held by the family and are handed down from father to son. Floyd Bear’s half-brother held the pipe for a time, and the other pipe is with the White Bear family.
  53. Case, Rev. 100 Years at Fort Berthold.
  54. Kapplers, Charles, L. Ed. 1904. 1972 Reprint. Indian treaties—1778–1883. pp. 594–596. Sept., 17, 1851. 11 Stats., p. 749. Koun-hei-ti-shan—Bear Iron Chief. Correct spelling KuunNx tee shan—Bear Chief.
  55. Libby, O.G. 1876. The Arikara Narrative of the Campaign Against the Hostile Dakotas. June. North Dakota Historical Collection, Bismarck, ND. 1920; De Trobriand, Regis (1951) Military Life in Dakota. Edited by Lucile M. Kane.; Star, Rhoda M.—Document Researcher, Sahnish Cultural Society, White Shield School, White Shield, ND.; White Bear, Pauline, Great-grand-daughter of Chief Sitting Bear, White Shield, ND; Pearl Felix Howard—Great granddaughter of Ree Scout Little Sioux, White Shield, ND.
  56. Bi-atch-tah-wetch, Eagle Young Joseph. Correct Sahnish spelling—pi’aats tawiicA—Young Chosen Eagle.; Melvina Fox Everett, Sahnish Oral Historian and Langage Instructor. White Shield School.
  57. Meredith, Loretta. 1998. Interview. August. Great Grandaughter of Floyd Bear.
  58. Everett, Melvina Three Fox—Sahnish Oral Historian and Language Instructor, Sahnish Cultural Society, White Shield, ND.; Star, Rhoda, Document Researcher, Sahnish Cultural Society; Fort Berthold Indian Agency, Individual History Cards, Tribal Enrollment Office, New Town, ND.; Breuer, Almit, Descendant of Chief White Shield I, Great-great-great-grandson. White Shield, ND.; The Treaty with the Arikara Tribe, 1825; Agreement at Fort Berthold, 1866; Taylor, J.H, (1932) Frontier and Indian Lives. Valley City, ND.; Myers, John (1976), the Saga of Hugh Glass, Nebraska Press; De Trobriand, Regis (1951). Military Life in North Dakota. Edited by Lucile Kane.
  59. “Harry Gillette, 80, Arikara Chief, Dies.” Obituary. March 13, 1947. Washburn Leader.
  60. Star, Rhoda M. Document Researcher, Sahnish Cultural Society, White Shield School, White Shield, ND.
  61. “Bear, Robert Jr.” 1979. McLean County Independent.
  62. Eagle Feather: Leavenworth Journal; Moulton, Gary E. Ed. 1984. The Journals of the Lewis and Clark Expedition, Vol. 3, p. 156. April 6, 1805. August 25.

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