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Turtle Mountain - Glossary

Glossary

AH-KI

Chippewa word for earth.

AISSANCE/ASE-ANSE

Meaning little shell.

ALGONQUIN

Any of several groups of native tribes formerly living in the St. Lawrence region. A term also applied to language shared at one time by broad groups of people.

ANISHINABE

Name that the Chippewa use to refer to themselves. The word means: “one of the people,” or meaning “the original people.”

BATEAU

A double-ended, flat-bottomed row-boat used on rivers in Canada and northern United States by early voyageurs and Métis.

BEE-BA-GEE’SIS

Chippewa word for moon, also referred to as grandmother.

CHI-AH-YA-OG’

Meaning elders (elder member of tribe).

KITCHI MANITO

The Creator or Great Mystery.

LA PAYE

Metchif word used to describe money owed by the United States government for treaty payment.

LA BONNE ANEE

Metchif word for New Year’s meaning “Good Year.”

MEDIWEWIN

The religion practiced by the Ojibway and Chippewa people.

METCHIF

A relatively recent term used by the Turtle Mountain people in referring to themselves.

MÉTIS

Canadian word meaning person of mixed-blood.

NANOBOZHO

A character of Ojibway and Chippewa story-telling. Nanobozho portrays many characters to teach lessons and values.

NEE GAWN NA KAUG’

Prophets of the Midewewin religion.

OJIBWE

Name that the Ojibwa use to refer to themselves. The word means: “one of the people,” or meaning “the original people.”

PEMMICAN

A food source made from dried buffalo meat, fat, and berries, easily preserved.

PROVINCIAL GOVERNMENT

Government set up by Louis Riel and his council to represent the Métis people.

RUPERT’S LAND

A territory that was located on lands in Canada and the United States before the Red River Territory was named. This area was referred to as Rupert’s Land, and became the Province of Manitoba.

SHI-KI-BE-MA-DI-ZEEG

Ojibwa word for “new people.”

SOVEREIGN

One that exercises supreme authority within a limited space.

TRIBAL COUNCIL

An elected group of individuals charged with governing and managing the business of the tribe on behalf of its members.

VOYAGEUR

A woodsman, boatman, or guide. A term given to one hired by fur companies to transport furs and supplies between isolated posts in the U.S. and the Canadian northwest.