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  • Chapter 3

    How a Bill Becomes Law

    HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
    SENATE
    INTRODUCTION
    Bill is introduced in the House of Representatives Bill is introduced in the Senate
    READING AND REFERRAL
    First reading and assignment to House committee First reading and assignment to Senate committee
    COMMITTEE CONSIDERATION
    House committee considers and debates bill; receives public testimony Senate committee considers and debates bill; receives public testimony
    COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATION
    House committee makes a recommendation and sent to the full House Senate committee makes a recommendation and sent to the full Senate
    FLOOR ACTION
    The bill and committee recommendation are placed on the calendar for full House consideration and a vote The bill and committee recommendation are placed on the calendar for full Senate consideration and vote
    ON TO THE OTHER CHAMBER
    If the bill passes the House, it is sent to the Senate and the process is repeated. If the bill fails, it dies. If the bill passes the Senate, it is sent to the House and the process is repeated. If the bill fails, it dies.
    RESOLVING DIFFERENCES
    If the two chambers disagree on a bill, a conference committee is appointed to resolve issues. If the two chambers disagree, a conference committee is appointed to resolve issues.
    ACTION BY GOVERNOR
    The governor may sign the bill, veto the bill, or let the bill become law without his signature. If the governor vetoes the bill, the two houses of the Legislative Assembly may override the veto with a 2/3 vote. The governor may sign the bill, veto the bill, or let the bill become law without his signature. If the governor vetoes the bill, the two houses of the Legislative Assembly may override the veto with a 2/3 vote.

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